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Flore Dispensary’s Guide to Weed

Know Cannabis? Flore Does.

Many of us are familiar with the experience of consuming cannabis, especially in the form of smoking a bowl, a pipe, or a joint. While these forms of consumption may have been many of our first encounters with this amazing plant, the rapid evolution of cannabis culture and business has created a range of infused products that can be used for a number of different needs. 


In addition, the knowledge of cultivation, processing, and the science of the plant itself has advanced greatly in the last 25 years. With all the developments in our ever-expanding industry, and the curiosity surrounding it, we have created this handy guide to provide answers to some of the most common questions we get asked about our favorite plant.

What’s the difference between Weed and Marijuana?

These are two different names for the same plant, with “weed” being the most common slang term used for cannabis. ‘Marijuana’ is a term for cannabis with a controversial history. Many cannabis companies and advocates have moved to eliminate the term ‘Marijuana’ when referencing cannabis due to the undeniably racist persecution of people of color by American prohibitionists. 

The term ‘Marijuana’ was first introduced to the US lexicon via Mexico around 1910, as Mexicans legally immigrated into the US to flee the Mexican Revolution. This diaspora and the American soldiers returning to their homeland began to popularize the use of the word ‘Marijuana’. 


In the 1930s, the US government appropriated the term in a negative way to demonize cannabis, through propaganda films such as ‘Reefer Madness’, a fear-mongering movie full of lies and racist tropes, designed to scare the public at a time when racism was both socially and legally acceptable. Similar stigma was driven by the Nixon administration of the 1970s, causing further persecution of already marginalized groups for their use of cannabis, which unfortunately persists in some circles to this day.


For this reason, we aim to use any of the other terms for our beloved cannabis, along with providing the education that helps our community understand why certain terms are preferable to others.


In addition, the knowledge of cultivation, processing, and the science of the plant itself has advanced greatly in the last 25 years. With all the developments in our ever-expanding industry, and the curiosity surrounding it, we have created this handy guide to provide answers to some of the most common questions we get asked about our favorite plant.

Is weed legal in California?

Cannabis first became legal for medicinal use in California in 1996, via the Compassionate Use Act, also known as Proposition 215. This made it the first state in America to have any form of legal access to cannabis! In 2018, cannabis became legal for recreational purposes in California, with Proposition 64. You must be 21 years old to purchase cannabis recreationally or 18 years old with a doctor’s recommendation to purchase medical cannabis.


While we are still waiting for legalization on a Federal level, there are now over 30 states with some level of legal access to cannabis!

Whats better, sungrown or indoor weed?

The truth is sungrown cannabis can be just as good – if not, better – than indoor-grown cannabis! 


While indoor cultivation allows for maximum control of the various elements that go into growing healthy plants, many outdoor cultivators are able to produce the same quality through their skills and understanding of the land. 


At Flore, we are passionate advocates of sungrown cannabis due to the sustainability and regenerative nature of the farming techniques used, with several sungrown strains of our own promoting the legacy of Humboldt County and its growers. 


Many cannabis lovers find the experience of smoking or vaping sungrown flower more pleasurable, citing a warmer feeling and more enjoyable high as the reasons why. Sungrown cannabis is also much less resource-intensive, as expensive indoor lighting and ventilation systems are not required, making sungrown cheaper to produce and cheaper to buy – all in all, a great deal for the grower, the planet & the end consumer!

Why is Humboldt County known for weed?

Humboldt County is part of the Emerald Triangle, 3 counties in Northern California renowned for being some of the most ideal climates to cultivate cannabis in. Since the early 1960s, Humboldt has been a farming community, with many of its residents working in some form of agriculture. During prohibition, the rolling hills of these counties also assisted cannabis growers in remaining hidden amongst the surrounding dense woods in the area. 


The unique combination of soil, sunlight, rainfall, wind currents, and altitude makes Humboldt, Mendocino, and Trinity counties ideal for growing cannabis, and the cultivators in these regions have developed an expertise that allows them to use the natural elements to produce some of the most in-demand cannabis in the world. 

What are the best ways to consume weed?

We are very lucky to live in a time where we have multiple options when it comes to consuming cannabis! Below is a brief overview of the most well-known consumption methods.

Flower & Pre-Rolls 

The most recognizable product, and still the most popular, is the cannabis flower, either bought as whole nugs and buds, or ready to smoke straight out of the packaging, in the form of pre-rolled joints


Advantages – Feel effects almost instantly, good control over dosage.

Disadvantages – Requires inhalation or smoking, not preferred delivery method for many non-consumers.


If one is seeking a rapid onset of effects, the next category to explore would be vaporizers, typically available in the form of oil-filled cartridges that are activated by a handheld battery. 


Advantages – Feel effects almost instantly, ease of use, discrete consumption, good control over dosage.

Disadvantages – Can be a more acute experience than flower for some, effects last for a shorter duration than inhaling flower.

Extracts & Concentrates

Extracts or Concentrates are products created by extracting or separating cannabis resin from the surface of the plant, to create waxes, shatters, rosin and hash, which are all different consistencies and processes of preparing cannabis resin. 


Advantages – Feel effects almost instantly, high potency, flavor experience, 

Disadvantages – Very acute psychoactive experience, not suitable for low tolerance or novice consumers. 


Another of the most well known categories of cannabis products are edibles, a catch-all term for any cannabis-infused food product. This is certainly one of the most developed categories of cannabis products, with all sorts of chocolates, gummies, taffy chews, hard candies, cookies and even fruit strips available! 


Advantages – length and potency of effect, discrete consumption, doesn’t require inhalation. 

Disadvantages – slower onset time, steeper learning curve for accurate dosing, potency can be overwhelming for less experienced consumers. 


Cannabis drinks have become especially popular since Prop 64, and frequently offer great low-dose options for those new or sensitive to THC. 


Advantages – Faster onset time than edibles, easy to dose, discrete consumption, and many low-dose options.

Disadvantages – Not a price-effective option for higher tolerance consumers.


A category of products always gaining popularity in cannabis – that includes topicals, tinctures, capsules, and transdermal patches – these product forms are typically used for relief from pain, stress, and sleep. 


Infused balms, oils and creams that are applied to the surface of the skin. 


Ideal for – Providing pain relief in minutes without psychoactive effects, topicals are discrete to use and can be applied regularly throughout the day.


An infusion in a carrier oil or alcohol designed to be dropped under the tongue and absorbed sublingually.


Ideal for – Offering the fastest delivery method next to inhaled cannabis, flexible dosing with marked droppers allows user maximum control. 


An infusion in a carrier oil or alcohol designed to be dropped under the tongue and absorbed sublingually.


Ideal for – Offering the fastest delivery method next to inhaled cannabis, flexible dosing with marked droppers allows user maximum control. 

Transdermal Patches 

An adhesive patch applied to clean, unbroken skin with a formulation that carries cannabinoids through the skin & into the bloodstream.  


Ideal for – Long-lasting pain relief, with up to 12 hours of efficacy and a discrete application. Can also be cut into smaller pieces to adjust dosing, and are often a great choice for those seeking more pain relief than topicals can offer.

While this is not an exhaustive list of all the types of cannabis products available, it certainly highlights the amazing variety we are lucky to choose from these days!

What are the effects of Weed?

The effects of cannabis are very much dependent on the individual’s prior experience, the method of consumption and the amount of dose used. The most typical effects that people report are: pain and stress relief, the feeling of euphoria or bliss, relaxation and openness to creative thought. Some people also notice an increased sensory perception, reporting that cannabis makes food taste better, sex feel better and music sound better.


The most commonly reported negative side effects are: anxiety or paranoia, dry mouth, dry and/or red eyes, hunger/munchies and dizziness. These effects can usually be mitigated by avoiding overconsumption. As everyone is different, there is always an element of personal discovery that one needs to embark on to find the best dose sizes, their preferred delivery method and what cannabinoids work best for their particular set of needs or desires.


The terms ‘Sativa’ and ‘Indica’ are typically used to try and indicate what type of effect a consumer can expect, with ‘Sativa’ used to denote uplifting or stimulating strains, and ‘Indica’ used to denote relaxing or sedative strains. 


In truth, both terms are outdated due to almost every available cannabis strain being a Hybrid that has been bred to produce high amounts of THC. We now understand that the types of terpenes found in cannabis are a much more accurate indicator of whether a strain is likely to be more stimulating or sedative.

Are cannabinoids found in weed?

There are over 100 cannabinoids in cannabis, with the two most popular being THC and CBD. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis due to decades of selective breeding by cultivators for its euphoric psychoactive effects. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the second most famous cannabinoid, known for a myriad of health & wellness applications, while having a non-intoxicating effect. There are several other cannabinoids that are currently being studied, such as Cannabinol, or CBN, which shows promise for those who suffer with sleep issues.


While scientists are yet to discover the exact characteristics of many of the minor cannabinoids, they have found that all of these compounds work most effectively when kept whole, as they are naturally found in the plant. 


Products that offer the full range of cannabinoids are known as ‘full spectrum’, meaning that the effort has been made to preserve as many cannabinoids as possible during the creation of the finished product. If you are looking for maximum efficacy out of your cannabis products, keep an eye out for the term ‘full spectrum’ or ‘whole plant’ on the packaging.

Why do terpenes matter in weed?

Alongside the various cannabinoids, terpenes are the most influential compounds to the experience of vaping or smoking cannabis. Terpenes are aromatic oils that naturally occur in cannabis resin, and are responsible for the type of fragrance a particular strain displays. There are around 200 terpenes found in cannabis, and the combination and ratio of these terpenes – along with THC content – will determine whether inhaled cannabis makes one feel more sedation (“Indica”) or stimulation (“Sativa”). 


Terpenes effect can be described by the following analogy: If THC is the engine of the cannabis experience – determining how fast and far we can go – terpenes would be the steering wheel and tires, guiding the direction of the experience. Therefore, terpenes are absolutely essential in cannabis! While THC percentage of a strain does influence the perceived potency, it does not tell the full story without the support of terpenes, an effect known as “The Entourage Effect”.

How did weed serve the AIDS Crisis in San Francisco?

Cannabis was a tool for healing during the AIDS crisis in San Francisco, with pioneers Dennis Peron and Brownie Mary, who together created the country’s first ever compassionate cannabis legislation, known as Proposition 215. The significance of their work is truly foundational to changing attitudes towards cannabis across the country, and in turn, the world. After sharing a joint together at Cafe Flore – across the street from our lovely dispensary! – they decided to formulate a plan to reform cannabis law. 

Dennis Peron

Brownie Mary

They are both considered patron saints of cannabis in California, for their incredibly courageous and compassionate efforts to assist those suffering with AIDS/HIV in their community. At the height of this crisis, Brownie Mary was baking hundreds of cannabis-infused brownies a day & giving them away to anyone who was in need, while Dennis Peron opened the first cannabis club ever in San Francisco with Brownie Mary’s help – the San Francisco Cannabis Buyers Club, after discovering how cannabis helped alleviate his partner’s HIV symptoms. 


What both had found was that cannabis was especially helpful for those with wasting syndrome, increasing their appetite and slowing their weight loss, and easing their pain. They never stopped their quest, despite numerous attempts from police and judges to persecute them, and eventually made it abundantly clear to the authorities that their work was valuable, and successfully spearheaded Proposition 215 –  a measure that made cannabis available or medicinal use, and specifically offered free or significantly discounted cannabis to those in need. 


At Flore, we are extremely proud to honor and carry on their legacy as two of the most important figures in the journey to widespread acceptance of cannabis and its many potential benefits.

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